MAPAM


MAPAM
(Mifleget Poalim Hameuhedet—United Workers Party)
   Mapam was organized in 1948, when Hashomer Hatzair merged with radical elements from Ahdut Haavoda. It is a left-wing socialist-Zionist mixed Jewish-Arab political party. From its beginnings, the party was more Marxist than Mapai. The former Ahdut Haavoda members left in 1954 because of Mapam's pro-Soviet orientation and acceptance of Arabs as party members. Although the political party's domestic policy was essentially indistinguishable from Mapai's, Mapam's share of the vote in national elections declined steadily before it joined the Alignment for the 1969 Knesset election. Mapam ended its alliance with Labor in September 1984 over the issue of the formation of a Government of National Unity with Likud. Its longtime leader was Victor Shemtov.
   Drawing support primarily from the socialist Kibbutz Movement as well as segments of the Israeli Arab community, Mapam historically advocated a policy of compromise in relations with the Palestinians. Domestically, it championed freedom of religious expression among Israeli Jews and the extension of equal rights for all Israelis. In 1992, it joined with the Citizens' Rights and Peace Movement and Shinui to form the Meretz/Democratic Israel faction that won 12 seats in the 13th Knesset and participated in the coalition governments headed by Yitzhak Rabin (1992-95) and Shimon Peres (1995-96). Mapam and Meretz won 6 seats in the 16th Knesset (2003) and only 5 seats in the 17th Knesset (2006).

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • MAPAM — (Hebrew acronym for Mifleget ha Po alim ha Me uhe det – The United Workers Party), an Israeli Zionist Socialist party, founded in 1948, when Ha Shomer ha Ẓa ir merged with …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Mapam — Die Mapam Vereinigte Arbeiterpartei (hebräisch: מפ״ם מפלגת פועלים מאוחדת) war ursprünglich eine marxistisch orientierte zionistische Partei in Israel. Die Mapam entstand am 23. Januar 1948[1] aus der Fusion der beiden linken Bewegungen HaSchomer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Mapam — Recorded as Mafam, Mafham, Mapam, Mapham, Mapholm, and possibly others, this is an English locational surname. Well recorded in the surviving church registers of the city of London mainly as Mapham, and in the county of Yorkshire, from the early… …   Surnames reference

  • Mapam — Mapạm   [hebräisch], Kurzwort für Miflẹget Happoalim Hammeuchẹdet [deutsch »Vereinigte Arbeiterpartei«], Partei in Israel, wurzelt in der Kibbuzbewegung, spaltete sich 1948 von der Mapai ab. Sie fordert u. a. die Sozialisierung besonders der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mapam — Ma|pam die; <aus hebr. mappām, Kurzw. aus miflĕget pô ălîm mĕ uḥĕdet »Partei der vereinigten Arbeiter«> vereinigte Arbeiterpartei Israels …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch


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